Accesos endovenosos utilizados para la Nutrición Parenteral

Eduardo Manuel Ferraresi Zarranz

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Resumen

Se han realizado significativos progresos en las buenas prácticas para la indicación, prescripción, y control de la Nutrición Parenteral. Sin embargo, las complicaciones relacionadas con la colocación y uso de los catéteres venosos son más frecuentes de lo anticipado. La cateterización venosa es un procedimiento regular en las instituciones hospitalarias. Por lo tanto, el personal de salud debería conocer las características técnicas de los dispositivos existentes para el acceso venoso, y la mejor indicación para su colocación. Asimismo, el personal de salud debería entrenarse y capacitarse en la colocación, manipulación, y curación de las vías de acceso venoso. Se espera que las recomendaciones contenidas en esta revisión sirvan para un mejor desempeño de los equipos de salud en la administración de coloides, cristaloides y soluciones de nutrientes al paciente que así lo amerite.

Palabras clave

Catéter; Subclavia; Nutrición parenteral; Infección; Complicación

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